Programme PHILOS aims to respond comprehensively to the urgent situation emerged by the refugee crisis in mainland Greece (Attica, Northern and Central Greece) after the closure of the Greek – FYROM borders and the EU – Turkey agreement. This resulted in a large number of refugees being stranded in the country and living in open camps created by the Greek government.

The philosophy of the programme promotes good practices implemented in the European Union concerning the prevention of disease transmission and with respect of the Human Right to health.

The programme is based on:

  • the refugee and migrants needs that have already been recorded by the Greek authorities.
  • data from Ministries of Migration Policy and National Defense, having the sole responsibility of the refugees’ camps across the country.
  • the requirement of additional resources needed by the National Health System and the National Center for Emergency Care (EKAB) in order to respond to the urgent situation, as well as on the increasing needs recorded in the Health Districts (YPE), the accountable public authorities for the health regions of Greece.

Consolidating the urgent needs of the public bodies mentioned above, the main objectives of the programme succinctly are:

  • the further reinforcement of the capacity of the public health system and the enhancement of the epidemiological surveillance structures struggling with the stranded migrant population.
  • the provision of on-site healthcare and psychological services to the target population through coordinated and well-targeted operational actions.
  • the strengthening of NHS task-force, the primary health structures and EKAB, accompanied by a system of recording for hospitalization and health services to nationals of third-countries.

The above-mentioned actions refer to:

  • the reinforcement of epidemiological surveillance in the area of public health through the use of mobile medical units.
  • the provision of medical and psychological services (elementary health care services) in the refugee camps in the mainland Greece, taking also into consideration the capacity of DG ECHO and DG HOME partners in the field of migration health.
  • the immediate reinforcement of the public health system structures (primary healthcare units, hospitals and emergency care spots) on affected regions with personnel equipment/material as well as the coverage of medical costs for patients referred to the services of national health system which will be required to address the extra demand of health services by refugees and migrants.